Everything you need to know about Periodontal Gum Disease

Periodontal gum diseases have become a major health concern across the globe and tend to affect your everyday routines. Tooth decay and periodontal gum diseases pose major dental concern among older patients. However, with the right medical treatment, you are guaranteed to eliminate your periodontal gum disease problem. In this article, we will look at the possible treatments for Midtown periodontal gum diseases.

What are the Common Symptoms of Periodontal Gum Diseases?

The following are some of the main signs and symptoms of periodontal gum disease:

  1. Dull red, bright red, or purple-colored gums
  2. Bad breath
  3. Puffy or swollen gums
  4. Frequent bleeding of the gums
  5. Abnormal pain when chewing
  6. Loss of teeth or gum bone
  7. Blood when flossing or brushing your teeth
  8. Pus developing between the gums and teeth
  9. Receding of your gums
  10. Large spaces between your teeth

What are the Potential Triggers of Periodontitis?

There are many factors that can increase your risk of developing periodontal gum disease. They include:

  1. Excessive chewing of tobacco or smoking
  2. Family medical history
  3. Poor nutrition, particularly vitamin C deficiency
  4. Poor oral hygiene
  5. Being overweight
  6. Significant hormonal imbalances associated with menopause and pregnancy
  7. Use of certain medications that lead to gum damage or dry mouth
  8. Pre-existing medical conditions such as rheumatoid arthritis or diabetes
  9. Health conditions that affect your body’s immunity, such as HIV/AIDS

How is Periodontal Gum Disease Diagnosed?

To determine whether you have periodontal gum disease and how severe the condition is, your healthcare provider will first inquire about your medical history. This will help them note any factors that may be causing your periodontitis. Your doctor will then examine your mouth to check for any tartar buildup, plaque, and damage to your gum. To come up with an accurate diagnosis, your healthcare provider will perform dental x-rays to monitor for gum bone loss. Your doctor will recommend a suitable dental treatment plan based on the type, overall health, and severity of your periodontitis.

Possible Treatments

The main purpose of periodontal gum disease treatment is to help eliminate accumulated plaque or tartar and prevent further damage to the surrounding teeth and gum bone. The most effective way to maintain your treatment results is to follow a daily routine of proper dental hygiene and effectively manage pre-existing medical conditions that can affect your oral health. Below are some of the available treatments for periodontitis:

  1. Oral or topical antibiotics. Topical antibiotics such as cleaning gels and mouth rinse effectively control bacterial infection and deep clean the spaces between the teeth.
  2. Scaling. This involves the removal of bacteria and tartar from your teeth and gums.
  3. Root planing. This procedure helps prevent further plaque buildup and improves the healing of your gums.
  4. Bone grafting. This procedure helps prevent tooth loss by keeping them in place and acts as a platform for the growth of new gum bone.
  5. Soft tissue grafts. This procedure involves obtaining soft tissue from donor sites and placing them over the exposed gum areas.

Periodontal gum diseases are caused by inflammation and infections of your gums and jawbone that surround and support your teeth. Mild cases of the periodontal disease involve your gum becoming red and swollen and sometimes may bleed. In severe cases, your gums can completely pull away from your teeth, causing them to become loose or even fall off. The main purpose of periodontal gum disease treatment is to help eliminate accumulated plaque or tartar and prevent further damage to the surrounding teeth and gum bone.