What is Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease is a progressive inflammatory disease that starts with gingivitis. Gingivitis is the earliest form of periodontal disease, and it can be thought of as a mild form of gum inflammation at the interface between the teeth and the surrounding oral tissues.

If left untreated, gingivitis can escalate into periodontitis. Periodontitis is a more advanced form of gum inflammation. In addition to the gingiva, periodontitis also involves the supporting tissues that hold teeth in place, including the alveolar bone and cementum that covers the surface of the root. So, it is best to get periodontal treatment in Dieppe, NB, immediately after you see the initial symptoms to prevent further infection.

Advanced periodontitis is the most severe form of periodontal disease, and it includes further progression of the inflammation and surrounding bone loss. This stage of periodontal disease can erode its way down to the tooth root, which can result in the loosening and eventual loss of teeth.

What Causes Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease starts when bacteria in plaque, a sticky deposit that forms on teeth, irritates gingival tissue. The gingiva becomes inflamed and swollen, and inflammatory cells produced by the body start to attack the gingival tissue. As periodontal disease progresses, the inflamed gingiva can become red and swollen, holes develop in tissues surrounding teeth, and the bone that supports teeth can erode away.

How Does Periodontal Disease Affect Your Overall Health?

Persistent periodontal disease can lead to tooth loss, which can cause significant problems for your overall health. Tooth loss decreases the ability to chew and digest food, and it can cause other problems related to chewing and speaking.

The inflammation caused by periodontitis also sends signals through the body that affect blood pressure regulation, contributing to a higher risk of cardiovascular disease. You need to contact a dentist in Dieppe, NB, immediately if you have any symptoms of periodontal disease. The earlier periodontal disease is treated, the less likely it will be to cause tooth loss or other serious health issues.

Why Should You Seek Professional Treatment for Periodontal Disease?

Periodontal disease does not respond to home care measures, such as brushing your teeth regularly or flossing. So, it is highly recommended that you seek the help of a professional dentist in Dieppe, NB, to maintain healthy periodontal tissues and prevent disease progression. A professional dentist in Dieppe, NB, will be able to provide you with the required care and treatments.