6 Gynecology Issues That Can Affect Your Reproductive Health

Gynecology is the study of women’s health, including pregnancy and childbirth. Gynecology problems can affect your reproductive health and overall quality of life. If you are struggling with any gynecology issue, visit your doctor to avoid your situation from worsening. Some degenerative gynecology issues can lead to other serious problems, such as infertility or cancer if left untreated. If you are concerned about any aspect of your reproductive health, consult an East Village gynecology specialist about getting treatment and how you can prevent reoccurrence. This article will discuss some common gynecological issues and how to treat them.

  1. Endometriosis

Endometriosis is a reproductive health disorder that occurs when the endometrial tissue grows along the uterine tubes, ovaries, and in some cases in the intestines. Symptoms can include painful and irregular periods and chronic pelvic pain. Endometriosis can lead to more serious conditions, such as infertility if left untreated, but it is treatable with surgery or birth control. Surgery removes fused adhesions from tissues surrounding your ovaries and fallopian tubes. 

  1. Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS)

PCOS is a condition that affects the way your body makes androgens, male hormones. These hormones are responsible for regulating growth, development, and reproduction. Women with PCOS have higher testosterone levels than normal, leading to irregular periods and infertility. 

You may also experience acne or oily skin on your face or back. Symptoms of PCOS include thinning scalp hair, irregular periods, and weight gain around the midsection (stomach) area. Treatment options include medication, weight loss, and surgery.

  1. Pelvic Inflammatory Disease

Pelvic inflammatory disease (PID) is a condition that occurs when a bacterial infection spreads to other reproductive structures such as the uterus, ovaries, and fallopian tubes. PID affects many women but is not common.

It often causes symptoms such as pain in the pelvic region or fever. If you have any of these symptoms, contact your gynecologist immediately so they can determine whether other conditions are causing them.

  1. Uterine Fibroids

Fibroids are non-cancerous tissues that grow in the uterus. They can cause heavy menstrual bleeding and pain, which may be severe enough to interfere with your ability to carry out normal activities. 

Fibroids affect women at any age but mostly affect those aged 30 years and above. They may cause frequent symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and difficult bowel movements. They can be removed surgically or treated with drugs that can shrink them temporarily. 

  1. Ovarian Cancer

Ovarian cancer is a common condition that affects women at any age. The symptoms can be vague and hard to detect. If you notice any changes in your reproductive health such as irregular bleeding, contact your gynecologist immediately. They will perform tests to determine whether your ovarian cancer has progressed and what treatments are best for you based on those results.

  1. Vaginal Infections

Bacteria, yeast, or viruses can cause vaginal infections. If you have a vaginal infection, you may develop unusual discharge, itching, or a burning sensation. Treatment for vaginal infections may include antibiotics and medications. If you have a vaginal infection, it is important to see your doctor immediately to get an appropriate diagnosis and appropriate treatment that might help you get better quickly.

If you have concerns or think something might be wrong with your reproductive health, visit your gynecologist for a thorough physical examination. They will provide a proper diagnosis for any gynecology issues you might be dealing with and provide the most effective treatment based on the severity of your condition. Feel free to ask your doctor any questions regarding your gynecology issue.