Fluoride Treatment: Types, Benefits, and Procedure 

Fluoride is a mineral that occurs naturally in water, and many foods. This helps prevent tooth decay, by reversing early decay and remineralizing your tooth enamel. It has been an essential oral health treatment for decades and is supported by many health and professional organizations.

dentist near the South Loop in Downtown Chicago, are well-equipped and provide state-of-the-art fluoride treatment to help fight tooth decay.

When is fluoride treatment recommended?

Fluoride treatment is safe and is usually recommended for the following reasons:

  • Deep pits and fissures on the masticatory (chewing) surfaces of teeth
  • Exposed and sensitive root surfaces
  • Poor oral hygiene practice
  • Excessive sugar and carbohydrate consumption
  • Inadequate exposure to fluorides
  • Prone to repeated tooth decay
  • Insufficient saliva flow due to  medical conditions, or medications
  • Recent history of dental decay

What are the benefits of fluoride treatment?

There are several benefits of fluoride treatment that all ages can appreciate. These include:

  • Protects your enamel
  • Helps prevent tooth decay
  • Can easily reverse early dental caries
  • Saves you money from all the expensive dental treatments
  • Slows down demineralization
  • Prevents the growth of cavity-causing bacteria

How is fluoride treatment performed?

Fluoride treatment can be performed through topical application or systemic administration.

Topical fluoride treatment

  • Fluoride can be administered topically through dental products such as toothpaste, mouthwash, and gels.
  • The fluoride seeps into the outer layer of the tooth enamel making them more resistant to bacteria and caries.
  • Usually, dentists recommend a professional application for children at least twice a year during dental checkups.

Systemic fluoride treatment 

  • This mode of fluoride administration helps erupted teeth as well as those that are still developing under the gums.
  • This could be through water or the foods that we eat.
  • It is also available as a supplement in the form of drops or gels. 
  • Fluoride drops are usually recommended for infants, while gels or tablets are best suited for children and teens.
  • However, it is essential to monitor the fluoride dose, since excess can lead to a condition called fluorosis (white spots on the teeth).


Fluoride is a mineral that is naturally found in water and certain foods.  Dentists channel the power of fluoride to strengthen your tooth enamel and reduce the risk of caries. Larger amounts can be dangerous, however, dental products use very low levels of fluorides in them. They help prevent dental decay thereby aiding in cost cutting that occurs due to extensive dental procedures. But, it is important to remember that fluoride alone can not prevent caries. You need to follow good oral habits (brushing and flossing), eat a healthy diet, minimize sugary snacks, and visit your dentist on a regular basis.